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appendicitis surgery in delhi

Appendicitis

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch that projects from your colon on the lower right side of your abdomen. Appendicitis causes pain in your lower right abdomen. However, in most people, pain begins around the navel and then moves.

Signs and Symptoms

The first sign of appendicitis is often pain across the abdominal area.

As the infection progresses, the location of the pain becomes more defined in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen, an area known as McBurney's point.

The following symptoms are common:

  • Progressively worsening pain
  • Painful coughing or sneezing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Inability to pass gas (break wind)
  • Fever
  • Constipation
  • Loss of appetite
appendix surgeon in delhi

Anybody who experiences a progressively worsening pain in the abdomen should seek medical attention. Other conditions may have similar symptoms, such as a urinary tract infection. The site of your pain may vary, depending on your age and the position of your appendix. When you're pregnant, the pain may seem to come from your upper abdomen because your appendix is higher during pregnancy.

Causes

A blockage in the lining of the appendix that results in infection is the likely cause of appendicitis. The bacteria multiply rapidly, causing the appendix to become inflamed, swollen and filled with pus. If not treated promptly, the appendix can rupture.

Complications

Appendicitis can cause serious complications, such as:

  • A ruptured appendix. A rupture spreads infection throughout your abdomen (peritonitis). Possibly life-threatening, this condition requires immediate surgery to remove the appendix and clean your abdominal cavity.
  • A pocket of pus that forms in the abdomen. If your appendix bursts, you may develop a pocket of infection (abscess). In most cases, a surgeon drains the abscess by placing a tube through your abdominal wall into the abscess. The tube is left in place for about two weeks, and you're given antibiotics to clear the infection.

Once the infection is clear, you'll have surgery to remove the appendix. In some cases, the abscess is drained, and the appendix is removed immediately.

Diagnosis

Around half of all patients with appendicitis do not have typical symptoms, and this can make it hard to diagnose. For example, the pain is not always located in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen.

Additionally, other conditions may have similar symptoms, such as:

  • Gastroenteritis
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Crohn's disease
  • Kidney stones

Not everybody's appendix is in the same place. Sometimes it is located behind the colon, behind the liver, or in the pelvis.

A doctor will examine the patient and ask some questions related to their symptoms. They may apply pressure to the area to see if it worsens the pain.

If the doctor detects typical signs and symptoms, they will diagnose appendicitis. If not, further tests will be ordered.

Tests may include:

  • Blood tests, to check for infection
  • An MRI, CT, or ultrasound scan, to see if the appendix is inflamed
  • Urine tests, to identify a kidney or bladder infection

Treatment options for Appendicitis

Depending on your condition, your doctor’s recommended treatment plan for appendicitis may include one or more of the following:

  • Surgery to remove your appendix
  • Needle drainage or surgery to drain an abscess
  • Antibiotics
  • Pain relievers
  • IV fluids
  • Liquid diet

In rare cases, appendicitis may get better without surgery. But in most cases, you will need surgery to remove your appendix. This is known as an appendectomy. If you have an abscess that hasn’t ruptured, your doctor may treat the abscess before you undergo surgery. To start, they will give you antibiotics. Then they will use a needle to drain the abscess of pus.

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Delhi Laparoscopic Surgery Clinic
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Ahuja Clinic
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About Anmol Ahuja

DNB (Gen Surgery), FNB (Minimal Invasive Surgery), FMAS, Fellowship in ColoRectal Surgery (Taiwan)

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Copyright by Dr. Anmol Ahuja. All rights reserved.

Copyright by Dr. Anmol Ahuja. All rights reserved.